London Transport Data

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Data about transport in London!

Traffic speeds and congestion by region

Last month the Department for Transport published new quarterly statistics on congestion on local authority ‘A’ roads, which include most motorways and carry about 80% of all traffic in England. The chart below shows trends in average speeds (and by implication, congestion) in each region during the equivalent quarter of each year back to 2008 (click for full size).

This illustrates a few points:

  • Congestion is much higher in London than in any other region, unsurprisingly.
  • However, London is the only region where congestion did not worsen between 2008 and 2010 (as shown by lower speeds).
  • However however, speeds increased and congestion fell in every region apart from London between 2011 and 2012.

To what extent this latter trend is due to transport policies or to factors such as different weather conditions or different economic fortunes is open to speculation.

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Filed under: Data, DfT, Historic, Regions, Traffic

Car ownership in London continues to fall

We’ve posted before about falling car ownership in London, as measured by the number of cars per household. The latest figures from DfT show this figure continuing to fall in London, from 0.78 cars per household in 2008/09 to 0.76 in 2009/10. Meanwhile it’s up very slightly in the rest of Britain, to 1.21 cars per household. So there are roughly three cars for every four households in London, compared to nearly five in the rest of Britain.

Filed under: Car ownership, Data, DfT, Historic, Regions

New TfL report about onwards travel from Central London termini

Just noticed that TfL have recently published a report about onwards travel from the main Central London rail termini, which you can find here. It looks at who uses the termini, where they are going (in terms of location and trip purpose) and how they get there. Here’s a chart of onwards distance travelled by mode:

One of the more interesting findings is the make-up of the group of people that usually cycle their onwards journey: “Cycling is dominated by a particular demographic. Eighty two per cent of cycle journeys are made by men and 60 per cent of cyclists are aged between 25 and 44”. The new Cycle Hire scheme doesn’t seem to have changed this much.

Filed under: 2010, Cycling, DfT, London, Rail, Report

Regional trends in licensed cars

DfT publish some useful statistics on trends in the number of new and existing licensed cars (and other vehicles) at national and regional level. We’ve done some charts below comparing trends in London with other regions.

The first chart (from table VEH0204) shows the proportional growth in the number of licensed cars by region, standardised to a common value of 100 in the year 2000. What it shows is that the number of licensed cars grew by about 6% in London between 2000 and 2010, compared to between 12% and 20% in the other regions. Perhaps the most noticeable recent trend is the sharp drop in the number of licensed cars in the North West in the last two years, although this is still relatively small, only around 3% of the total in 2008.

The second chart (from VEH0254) shows the number of cars registered for the first time by region in 2005 and 2010. There were 127,400 cars registered for the first time in London in 2010, down from 192,200 in 2005. There were falls in every other region except the South East.

Finally, the chart below shows the trend in registered cars per capita by region, which we calculated by dividing the figures in table VEH0204 by regional population estimates downloaded from Nomis. There is one car for every three people in London, compared to one for every two in the South East, South West, West Midlands and East England.

Filed under: Car ownership, Data, DfT, Historic, Regions

Casualties from collisions with goods vehicles, by mode

The 2010 London Freight Data Report (pdf), prepared for TfL by a team from the University of Westminster, has a wealth of information about goods vehicle traffic in London, some of it already already analysed over at Cycle of Futility.

The chart below is based on table 4.4 from the report, and shows the number of fatal and serious casualties resulting from collisions in which goods vehicles were involved in London, by mode of travel, for 1994-98 (averaged) and for 2008, the latest year available.

The (relatively) good news is that the number of car/taxi occupants, pedestrians, goods vehicles occupants and bus/coach occupants killed or seriously injured in collisions with goods vehicles has fallen sharply between 1994-98 and 2008. The bad news is that the trend for motorcyclists is almost and the number of cyclists killed or seriously injured (KSI) in collisions with goods vehicles has actually risen over the period, so that cyclists now account for 19% of goods vehicle-related KSIs, up from 8% in the mid 1990s.

Filed under: DfT, Historic, London, Report, Safety

Trends in motor vehicle traffic in London

The Department for Transport published new estimates of motor vehicle traffic yesterday, covering the years up to 2010 and quarters up to Q1 2011. There are a range of accompanying data tables but we have picked out a few trends specific to London. All the charts below show indexed annual trends, with 1993 set to 100.

Traffic in London and England
Overall motor vehicle has fallen for three years in a row in both London and England as a whole, but in London this was preceded by a nine-year stretch of basically flat traffic levels, while traffic continued to grow quite strongly in England as a whole.

Traffic in Inner and Outer London
Within London there has been a clear divergence in the traffic trend between Inner and Outer London. Between 1999 and 2007 traffic grew slightly in Outer London and fell slightly in Inner London, while since 2007 traffic has fallen in both areas, but faster in the inner city.

Car vs non-car motor vehicle traffic in London
Car traffic in London as a whole has been falling since 2002, while non-car motorised traffic continued growing strongly until 2007, from which point it has dropped sharply in the last three years.

You can download the data for the charts in CSV format here.

Filed under: Data, DfT, England, Historic, London, Traffic,